Lombok is somewhat similar in size and density and shares some cultural heritage with the neighboring island of Bali to the west. However, it is administratively part of West Nusa Tenggara, along with the larger and more sparsely populated island of Sumbawa to the east. Lombok is surrounded by a number of smaller islands locally called Gili.
The island’s inhabitants are 85% Sasak with the small remainder being Balinese, Tionghoa, Javanese, Sumbawa and Arab Indonesians.
The Sasak population is culturally and linguistically closely related to the Balinese, but unlike the Hindu Balinese, the majority are Muslim and the landscape is punctuated with mosques and minarets.